California State University, Northridge

About this journal. Chemistry is the study of chemicals and the elements and their effects and attributes. Students in chemistry learn the periodic table. The branch of science education known as “chemistry must be taught in a relevant context in order to promote full understanding of current sustainability issues.” 12 As this source states chemistry is a very important subject in school as it teaches students to understand issues in the world. As children are interested by the world around them chemistry teachers can attract interest in turn educating the students further. 13 The subject of chemistry is a very practical based subject meaning most of class time is spent working or completing experiments.

E. 1984. “Research in Science Education: The Cognitive Psychology Perspective.” In Research within Reach: Science Education, ed. David Holdzkom and Pamela B. Lutz. Charleston, WV: Appalachia Educational Laboratory, Research and Development Interpretation Service. Kuhn, D., Garcia-Mila, M. Zohar, A., and Andersen, C. (1995). Strategies of knowledge acquisition. (Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, serial no. 245, vol. 60, no. 4). Chicago: Child Development Publications, University of Chicago Press.

By the end of World War II, the place of science in school programs had attained universal acceptance. Teacher education programs were standardized to include science methods courses and student teaching after a year of introduction to education and educational psychology courses. School programs were to provide functional science experiences, that is, skills and knowledge that students could use. Faculty at preparatory institutions became the chief proponents for a useful science program for students.

Science is everywhere. A student rides to school on a bus, and in that instance alone, there are many examples of technology based on the scientific method. The school bus is a product of many areas of science and technology, including mechanical engineering and innovation. The systems of roads, lights, sidewalks and other infrastructure are carefully designed by civil engineers and planners. The smartphone in the student’s hand is a miracle of modern computer engineering.

As in England and Wales, science education in Australia is compulsory up until year 11, where students can choose to study one or more of the branches mentioned above. If they wish to no longer study science, they can choose none of the branches. The science stream is one course up until year 11, meaning students learn in all of the branches giving them a broad idea of what science is all about. The National Curriculum Board of Australia (2009) stated that “The science curriculum will be organised around three interrelated strands: science understanding; science inquiry skills; and science as a human endeavour.” 29 These strands give teachers and educators the framework of how they should be instructing their students.