The Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) Program funds innovative pre-kindergarten to grade 12 (P-12) science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and Informal Science Education (ISE) educational projects. The format of shared mental training and pre-professional training consistently dominated the curriculum from its inception to now. However, the movement to incorporate a humanistic approach, such as inclusion of the arts (S.T.E.A.M.) , science, technology, society and environment education is growing and being implemented more broadly in the late 20th century (Aikenhead, 1994). Reports by the American Academy for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), including Project 2061, and by the National Committee on Science Education Standards and Assessment detail goals for science education that link classroom science to practical applications and societal implications.
Figuring out what students have learned becomes more complicated as the educational demands move from rote knowledge to conceptual and practical knowledge. Dania Sheaib had the opportunity to use her longtime love of mathematics to real-world applications through the National Science Foundation’s Mathematical Sciences Graduate Internship Program. She studied the use of mathematical modeling in three-dimensional image microscopy.
In 2015, all Australian education ministers agreed to the National STEM School Education Strategy 2016-2026 , which focuses on foundation skills, developing mathematical, scientific and digital literacy, and promoting problem solving, critical analysis and creative thinking skills. The strategy aims to coordinate current activities, and improve STEM education.
The utilization of historical, philosophical and sociological scholarship to clarify and deal with the many intellectual issues facing contemporary science and mathematics education. In this paper, the problems of challenges for science education and soultions to overcome these problems are presented. The lack of epistemological role of science is emphasized and the productive use of history and philosophy of science is proposed in science education.
During the 1960s and 1970s several national curriculum projects were funded, developed, and offered across the K-12 years. This continued into the twenty-first century, with many programs that provide ways to meet the visions of the National Science Education Standards supported by the National Science Foundation. Unfortunately not many of these ideas are in typical textbooks offered by the major publishers, who, understandably, are more interested in sales and offering what teachers, schools, and parents want. These textbooks are often quite different from what reform leaders and cognitive science researchers envision for an ideal science curriculum.