Jotse is an international Journal aiming at publishing interdisciplinary research within the university education framework and it is especially focused on the fields of Technology and Science. An important opportunity provided by science centers concerns “talking to learn.” Conversation, whether with family members or peer groups leads to that articulation of ideas which is at the heart of assimilating them. Such social learning opportunities cannot readily be achieved in schools. The Government is providing funding for play-based apps that inspire curiosity and interest in STEM among preschool-aged children. The University of Canberra will design, develop, and implement the ELSA pilot , which includes digital learning experiences rich in STEM concepts, delivered on tablet devices. The ELSA pilot will begin in 2018.
The education system in the United States begins with pre-kindergarten and can go through graduate school. Educational attainment and achievement are monitored and evaluated throughout primary and secondary school (elementary school through high school), often with benchmark testing that can have an effect on a school’s funding. Post-secondary educational institutions (community colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools), while broad-ranging in terms of people served and topics available for study, have a growing reputation for their exorbitant costs and the amount of loans that students must take out in order to fund their education, and there is increased discussion about the actual worth of a college degree in terms of employability and future income.
Optimism for even greater successes with meeting the goal of scientific literacy for all is a central focus for science teacher education. Certainly the new Centers for Learning and Teaching that NSF began funding in 2000 are designed to help. By definition they combine preservice and in-service science education-making the two seamlessly connected. They require a common research base while also assuring that a major effort of the center will be to extend that research base. They must design and implement new doctorate programs to prepare future leaders. The history of science education is replete with identification of current problems, new ideas for their resolution, major national funding (since 1960), and then almost immediate abandonment after initial trials are not successful. The current challenge facing science teacher education is whether there is adequate national commitment, determination, and know-how to realize the visions elaborated in current reform documents.
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics assessment results show that average mathematics scores for fourth, eighth, and twelfth graders declined slightly for the first time in 2015 and remained flat or showed only small gains between 2005 and 2015. Scientific inventions and modern day technologies have completely changed the human life and paving the way for our future. Science and Technology has added greatly to our material comforts.
Early American public schools did not include science as a basic feature. The purpose of the early school was to promote literacy-defined to include only reading and numeracy. The first high schools primarily existed to prepare students for the clergy or law. Typical science courses were elective and included such technology courses as navigation, surveying, and agriculture. Not until the turn of the twentieth century did the current science program begin to form.