Ubiquity Press

About this journal. Score differences between students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch and those who were not persisted within racial or ethnic groups. For example, the gaps between eligible and non-eligible students in grade 4 mathematics were 18 points among white students, 17 points among Hispanic students, and 16 points among black students. Similar gaps held among eighth and twelfth grade students and across all grade levels in science.

The Science SIG hostedthe research strand of SCICON 2016, the bi-annual conference for science teachers in Lower Hutt, in July 2016. The collaboration with SCICON is intended to make the research-practice nexus more visible. The theme of the research strand, ‘Shaking up science education’ builds on the Conference Theme of ‘Earth shattering science’ and recognises the large number of individuals and groups involved in innovative research projects across New Zealand – from teaching inquiries undertaken by teachers in their own classrooms, to national initiatives seeking to inform science education and the Government’s goal of a more scientifically engaged public.

The process by which scientific theories are developed and the form that those theories take differ from one domain of science to another, but all sciences share certain common features at the core of their problem-solving and inquiry approaches. Chief among these is the attitude that data and evidence hold a primary position in deciding any issue. Thus, when well-established data, from experiment or observation, conflict with a theory or hypothesis, then that idea must be modified or abandoned and other explanations must be sought that can incorporate or take account of the new evidence. This also means that models, theories, and hypotheses are valued to the extent that they make testable (or in principle testable) precise predictions for as yet unmeasured or unobserved effects; provide a coherent conceptual framework that is consistent with a body of facts that are currently known; and offer suggestions of new paths for further study.

Quality of higher education is a dynamic category that involves a need for constant improvement of all the processes and their outcomes. It is a guiding force of the overall social development, a force that instigates national economic development and functions as a base for successful individual careers. Learning in museums and science centers takes place in a wider world context which begins with the learner’s prior experience, takes in the interactive opportunities and—very importantly—the related programming activities provided by the center. Teachers as well as students learn from this process.

One of the students featured in Science Fair is Kashfia Rahman, a soft-spoken girl at a sports-obsessed school in Brookings, South Dakota, who ends up winning first place in her category at the 2017 ISEF for her findings on the role of repeated acts of risky behaviors in blunting emotional and cognitive functions in adolescence—a project inspired by her surroundings in Brookings, where teen drug and alcohol abuse is common. Toward the beginning, Rahman is shown roaming her school’s campus and pointing to all the cabinets filled with frivolous trophies won by its less-than-impressive sports teams. A few scenes later, the filmmakers approach various groups of students hanging out in places like the cafeteria or the weight room—no one had ever heard of Rahman, even though she’d placed third in the ISEF the year before.